Sleep Studies

When you do not get the recommended daily amount of sleep (which according to the National Institutes of Health is an alarming number of teens and adults in the U.S.) you’re not just depriving yourself of a good night’s rest – you’re setting yourself up to become vulnerable to a host of other preventable health conditions. Additionally, a bad night’s sleep ensures that your productivity will be lower, you won’t enjoy work or play time the fullest, and even your relationships can be affected because of the emotional and physical stress sleep disorders cause when left undiagnosed and untreated.
The Sleep Medicine program at SMH provides comprehensive diagnostic testing and connections to sophisticated treatment options for people struggling with a wide variety of sleep problems.

What are some of the most common sleep disorders?
Insomnia
Insomnia is characterized by an inability to initiate or maintain sleep. It may also take the form of early morning awakening in which the individual wakes up several hours early and is then unable to fall back to sleep. When a person has difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, often times the result is excessive daytime sleepiness – some describe it as feeling as if they are in a fog. This condition can lead to functional impairment throughout the day.

Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy is excessive daytime sleepiness (including what is called irresistible sleepiness) combined with sudden muscle weakness. People with narcolepsy fall asleep uncontrollably –at any time of the day, in all types of situations– regardless of the amount or quality of sleep they’ve had the night before. Narcolepsy is sometimes characterized as "sleep attacks."

Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
RLS is characterized by an unpleasant “creeping” sensation, often feeling like it is originating in the lower legs, but often associated with aches and pains throughout the legs. This often causes difficulty initiating sleep and is relieved by movement of the leg, such as walking or kicking.

Sleep Apnea
Snoring not only disrupts sleep for the spouse lying next to their mate, it may also mean Sleep Apnea. Persons with sleep apnea characteristically make periodic gasping or “snorting” noises, during which their sleep is momentarily interrupted. Those with sleep apnea may also experience excessive daytime sleepiness, as their sleep is commonly interrupted and may not feel restorative. Treatment of sleep apnea is dependent on its cause. If other medical problems are present, such as congestive heart failure or nasal obstruction, sleep apnea may resolve with treatment of these conditions. Gentle air pressure administered during sleep (typically in the form of a nasal continuous positive airway pressure device) may also be effective in the treatment of sleep apnea. As interruption of regular breathing or obstruction of the airway of the individual during sleep can pose serious complications for the health of the individual, symptoms of sleep Apnea should be taken seriously.

What is the recommended amount of sleep for every age group?
According to the National Institutes of Health, the following are the most current recommended sleep guidelines for daily sleep requirements.

Infants
Birth–2 months need 12–18 hours
3–11 months need 14–15 hours

Toddlers/Children
1–3 years need 12–14 hours
3–5 years old need 11–13 hours
5–10 years old need 10–11 hours

Adolescents
10-17 years need 8.5–9.5 hours

Adults
7–9 hours

What are some of the health conditions associated with prolonged sleep disorders?
Sleep Disorders, when left undiagnosed and untreated can lead to several chronic diseases. Increasingly, prolonged disturbance in sleep has been identified as contributing to illness and even premature death. Insufficient sleep has been linked to the development of a number of chronic diseases and conditions, including the following:

Diabetes
Research has found that insufficient sleep is linked to an increased risk for the development of Type 2 diabetes. Additionally for those already diagnosed with diabetes, sleep disorders can lead to complications, therefore, it is very important that you share your sleep concerns with your family health provider if you believe you are experiencing a sleep issue.

Cardiovascular Disease
Persons with sleep apnea have been found to be at increased risk for a number of cardiovascular diseases. Most notable are hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease and irregular heartbeats (cardiac arrhythmias). In recent studies, these conditions have all been found to be more common among those with sleep disorders than their peers without sleep abnormalities.

Obesity
New research has found that short sleep duration results in metabolic changes that may be linked to obesity. Also, we now know that obesity in children can lead to sleep disorders – making obesity dangerous on both sides of the disorder. It is believed that sleep during the childhood and adolescence years is particularly important for brain development. Experts know that insufficient sleep in youngsters may adversely affect the function of a region of the brain known as the hypothalamus, which regulates appetite and energy levels.

Depression
The relationship between sleep and depression is widely studied and is very complex. It’s been long held by researchers that sleeplessness is an important symptom of depression. Today, research shows that depressive symptoms may in fact decrease once a person has undergone treatment for sleep apnea.
What to do if you or a loved one is suffering from symptoms of a sleep disorder?

Today, there is a very simple step you can take to help your care provider and you determine what is at the root of your sleep problems. Undertake a sleep study.

A sleep study does require a physician order. Once you talk with your provider and share your symptoms, he or she will perform a physical exam to rule out other factors. They may require you to undergo a series of tests such as a simple lab draw to find out what’s going on within your body. They may also recommend you for a sleep study.

Sleep studies are performed overnight and can also be done during daytime hours for those who work overnight shifts. Our professional team will walk you through how the program works and you can be assured that from the moment you arrive at the sleep study lab, our goal is to make you feel as comfortable as possible. Our sleep rooms are designed to give you the feeling that you are in a warm, homelike environment. Throughout the night, you will be connected to gentle leads which will be placed at various places on your body. This equipment, monitored throughout the evening by skilled and trained sleep technicians, ultimately supplies your provider with the data needed to identify the root of your sleep disorder and carefully create a treatment plan designed for you.

To learn more about the program, contact cardiopulmonary services at (217)774-3961.